Flowering Broccoli & Stale Bread Frittata

Two ingredients thought to be past their prime — the broccoli plant, once it’s gone to flower, and bread, a few days since baking — revitalized. I do love using up food scraps. This recipe came after a few rounds of making really good bread pudding. Could anyone have conceived of a better way to use stale bread than that? I wondered. Then I began to think of French toast, and how custardy and warm the centers of those thick slices get. How crisp the outside is, grilled in butter. And how quick it is to cook this in a pan, as opposed to the pudding, which must be baked. So it was French toast, with a savory twist the next morning: this frittata, with a local green that’s particular to spring.

It looks a bit like the flowering Chinese greens yu choy or Chinese broccoli with ultra-thin stalks, but these yellow-flowered plants I found last week at the D&J Organics stand at Union Square Greenmarket were neither of the above. It’s flowering common broccoli, and you can eat it, alright. It’s just not generally thought to be as good as the broccoli was in its prior state by a couple weeks, when its flowers were densely packed and very little, or “florets.” It’s a common gardening mishap — “I didn’t harvest my broccoli early enough and now they’ve got all these yellow flowers instead” — can be found among the woes of many home gardening forums. Well, here’s one solution to them: eat the flowers instead.

flowering broccoli

I do have to admit, the stems are very tough, almost choke-worthy. It needs a good sautee before you do anything else with it first. (Or, perhaps a quick blanch in boiling water.) You can also strip the yellow flowers, green leaves, and remaining loose clusters of florets from the stem entirely, because they’re very delicate. I took the first approach, chopping up the bunch first, and tossing it in a pan sizzling with butter, with sprinkles of salt. Next, the scrambled eggs, which had spongelike mounds of torn-up, dry bread soaking in them already, was poured straight in. A few nudges with a spatula, a sprinkle of Pecorino cheese, and the whole assembly was moved under the broiler for a just few minutes more.

an old wedge of Bread Alone bakery’s sourdough

torn to pieces and soaked in scrambled eggs

Cooked through, and let to cool, I took a tentative first taste. Flowering broccoli has none of the cabbagey flavor of its former state, I decided. Which can be either a good thing or bad, depending on your preference. In any case, the flowers do look very nice, and it’s pretty fun to eat flowers in my opinion instead of putting them in a vase. Next, the bread. Now this had been stale, very stale, sourdough bread, and it was nearly stiffened through. For that reason, it held up while being soaked in scrambled eggs instead of dissolving or turning to mush. But once cooked, the beaten egg batter filled all the bread’s crevices and puffed it up in a way that sort of simulated its freshly baked state. Altogether, pretty neat.

the finished frittata

Nom nom nom… until the next leftover that needs to find another life.

Flowering Broccoli & Stale Bread Frittata
(makes about 2 big servings)

5 large eggs
1/4 bunch flowering broccoli, toughest ends trimmed
2-3 ounces stale bread, coarsely torn
1/4 teaspoon salt and black pepper to taste
pinch of red pepper flakes (optional)
1-2 tablespoons butter
2 tablespoons Pecorino Romano (or any cheese), grated or shaved

Beat the eggs in a bowl and season with salt, pepper and optional red pepper flakes. Add the bread pieces and press down to soak them.

Heat about 1 tablespoon of the butter in an oven-safe, medium saute pan over medium-high, and add the flowering broccoli. Season with a pinch of salt and pepper, and cook, stirring, 2-3 minutes. If the pan has gotten very dry, add a little more butter, before pouring in the egg and bread mixture. Stir away from the sides of the pan a few times to evenly cook the eggs a bit. Preheat the broiler. After about 2-3 minutes of cooking, stirring occasionally, sprinkle on the cheese and transfer the pan to the broiler. Let cook another 2-3 minutes. Remove from oven, and poke center with a fork to check if the eggs are cooked through. If not, let cook a little while longer. Remove from oven and let cool a couple minutes before serving.

Cost Calculator
(for 2 servings)

1/4 bunch flowering broccoli (at $3/bunch): $0.75
5 eggs (at $4/dozen): $1.67
2-3 ounces stale bread: $0.50
2 tablespoons Pecorino Romano: $0.50
2 tablespoons butter, salt, pepper, red pepper: $0.30

Total: $3.72

Health Factor

Five brownie points: Don’t be fooled by the super-sized looking portion, it’s mostly from the great lumps of just bread. Which, of course, is lower in cholesterol than eggs alone, and makes for a meal-in-one with its addition of carbs. Flowering broccoli is leafy, and its leaves are filled with Vitamin K and many nutrients found in other dark greens; it’ll probably have some half-formed flowers, half-florets on it still, which are good sources of those, too, although its yellow leaves are less beneficial.

Green Factor

Eight brownie points: You may be able to find flowering broccoli this time of year in specialty or farmers’ markets, as I did, but I wouldn’t bank on it being in conventional groceries, so this is by design a fairly local meal. The eggs and bread were also local and organic, from the Greenmarket. And cheers for using up old bread, rather than tossing the hardened chunk away.

17 Responses

  1. Jen

    Mmm! I too have been looking for creative ways to use leftover foods – I will have to put “frittata-ing” at the top of my list!

  2. Lukas

    Wow, this is a terrific way to fluff up a frittata, too. Sometimes it just doesn’t look like enough food, so I end up mindlessly eating 4 eggs. (I was trying to come up with a way to combine the words “frittata” and “strata”–fristrata?–but I wonder if it’s already a hybrid of the two words…)

  3. Angela Z.

    um…could you post the bread pudding recipe??

  4. Eddie

    Frittatas are my favorite way to clean out my fridge. However, I never thought to put stale bread in one; I’ll definitely have to try it out. Thanks for posting and giving me an idea for stale bread that isn’t making breadcrumbs or bread pudding.

  5. Marsha


  6. Samantha

    This looks so rustic and delicious! I’ve never tried flowering broccoli… definitely going to keep my eyes open this weekend at my local farmer’s market.

  7. Brian

    My friend just made something like this the other night and called it a “strata”? Ever heard of that term?

    Also had a great frittata with fiddlehead ferns at Aurora the other night. If we added ramps into the mix, we could pretty much consider it foodie catnip!

  8. cathy

    Brian: I believe “strata” is basically the same thing as frittata, but it’s usually baked in a casserole dish and not cooked a little first on a pan, like a frittata. Fiddleheads!!

  9. Beverly

    Delightful–I happen to have flowering broccoli just begging for new life, and this is the perfect and drool-worthy solution.

  10. Hannah

    I am such a fan of cooking with leftovers – and this is such a fabulous way to use them! Thanks for the inspiration.

    H 🙂

  11. sherry

    I saw a lady use pasta in her fritatta yesterday on a cooking show! looked delicious! I am gonna try it. 🙂

  12. carolyn

    Thank you soooooo much. I was sure it must be ok to use my folwering broccoli. I hate wasting it.

  13. […] nowadays. They’re sold in bunches at the Greenmarket, too, which prompted me to make a frittata with them last […]

  14. newgdnr

    I just made this with flowering broccoli. Tastes great. Thanks for the idea.

  15. newgdnr

    Photos before, during and after cooking:

  16. Lisa

    Thanksfor hat just came back from holiday to find my first attempt at growing brocolli had been wasted as i wasnt there to pick them at the right time and now i know what to do with them cheers

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